Category: STD

Drug Resistant Gonorrhea! What you need to know

Drug Resistant Gonorrhea! What you need to know

Is Gonorrhoea common

 

According to WHO, more than one million people around the world acquire STIs daily. There are several sexually transmitted infections (STDs) that affect both men and women. Gonorrhea is one such example of STI.

What causes gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrheae bacteria.  This bacteria attacks and lives in the mucous membranes in our bodies. These are the moist soft tissues that are not covered by the outer layer of dead skin cells. When infected, the disease causing bacteria is thus found in the uterus, cervix, vagina, Fallopian tubes, rectum, and urethra. It is also found in the lining of the eyelids, the mouth and the throat.

How gonorrhea is transmitted

Gonorrhea is transmitted through sex, be it anal, oral or vaginal sex with an infected person. The transmission is spread through sexual fluids like semen and vaginal fluids and it is prudent to note that it is not necessarily dependent on ejaculation. Other than the genitals, anus and urethra, the disease can infect the eyes, mouth and the throat.

When engaging in oral sex, one is exposed to contracting gonorrhea if the partner is infested with the bacteria. This applies either way: giving oral sex to an infected partner, you get infected through their genitalia; receiving oral sex, infected mouth and throat will also lead to a gonorrhea infection. If expectant, you should also seek treatment if infected as you can pass it to your baby during birth. The disease is transmitted during birth is common for the baby to have eye and blood infections and it begins 2 to 4 days after birth. This normally results in the redness of the babies eyes, swelling of the eyes, and pus in the eyes.

Where I cannot get gonorrhea

Fluids are not required to transmit the bacteria causing gonorrhea, therefore, it is not possible to get the STI through casual contact like holding hands, hugging, sharing food and sitting on a toilet.

What increases my likelihood of getting gonorrhea

Engaging with several sex partners will make you exposed to infected partners. Having sex without using protection is a way that exposes you to the disease. You should use condoms when having sex as that protects you from STIs and also HIV/AIDS. Youths below 24 years are also highly exposed to gonorrhea as they have a tendency of having unprotected more times compared to other age groups. This group of individuals are also less likely to go for testing. The way you are likely to get this disease is if you have a previous diagnosis of a STI as this increases the susceptibility of your body to contracting another STI and HIV/AIDS.

What are the signs that am having gonorrhea

There are differences in how gonorrhea manifests in men and in women though there are some common symptoms for both sexes. A burning sensation when urinating can be a sign of an infection. Abnormal discharges in the vagina and penis is the other common sign of an infection in either sex though this is common with other STIs and is recommendable that you get tested.

In women, painful periods, pain during sex, fever, bleeding between periods and abdominal pain are also signs of a gonorrhea infection.

How do I treat gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is treated the same be it an infection in the mouth, throat eyes or the genitals. The most common treatment is a regimen of antibiotics, mostly oral. The most recommended antibiotics are cefixime, doxycycline and ceftriaxone.

The infection should clear after a week or two.

Gonorrhea is curable by taking appropriate medication as directed. Nonetheless, repeat infections of the STI are common.

It is recommended that you and your partner restrain from sex until the treatment is over and you should wait for at least one week after completing the medication before having sex with your partner again.

What complications am I likely to have if I don’t treat gonorrhea

Gonorrhea sometimes has no symptoms. Stigma and lack of access to medication are all reasons why you might not go for medication. Untreated this disease creates serious health problems. In women, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which can result in permanent damage to your reproductive system, ectopic pregnancy, premature births or infertility.

Being infected with

Engaging with several sex partners will make you exposed to infected partners. Having sex without using protection is a way that exposes you to Gonorrhea. You should use condoms when having sex as that protects you from STIs and also HIV/AIDS. Youths below 24 years are also highly exposed to gonorrhea as they have a tendency of having unprotected more times compared to other age groups. This group of individuals are also less likely to go for testing. The way you are likely to get gonorrhea is if you have a previous diagnosis of a STI as this increases the susceptibility of your body to contracting another STI and HIV/AIDS.

Engaging with several sex partners will make you exposed to infected partners. Having sex without using protection is a way that exposes you to Gonorrhea. You should use condoms when having sex as that protects you from STIs and also HIV/AIDS. Youths below 24 years are also highly exposed to gonorrhea as they have a tendency of having unprotected more times compared to other age groups. This group of individuals are also less likely to go for testing. The way you are likely to get this disease is if you have a previous diagnosis of a STI as this increases the susceptibility of your body to contracting another STI and HIV/AIDS.

What complications am I likely to have if I don’t get treated?

before does not make one safe even if it was treated as they can still contract the STI.

Why has gonorrhea become resistant to antibiotics

You should finish your prescription of antibiotics as failure to finish the dose allows the bacteria causing gonorrhea to mutate and be resistant to antibiotics. The rapid changing of the Neisseria gonorrheae has creates a worldwide public health issue. The WHO has thus come up with a program that surveys and informs on the treatment guidelines for antibiotic resistant gonorrhea .

Sexually transmitted disease without symptoms? Everything you need to know about it

Sexually transmitted disease without symptoms? Everything you need to know about it

It has no apparent signs until much later in its development

With no outward symptoms in the early stage, chlamydia remains one of the most common sexually transmitted STDs. This is because it is passed on to partners unknowingly through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex. This silent killer can lead to serious or permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system.

If the infection remains untreated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which can cause permanent damage. This can lead to long-term pelvic paininfertility and ectopic pregnancy which is a life threatening condition.

FACTS ABOUT CHLAMYDIA:

  • SYMPTOMS:Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis that is spread through incidental contact, sexually or orally.
  • Affecting both sexes, women can get chlamydia in the cervix, rectum or throat while men can get chlamydia in the urethra (inside the penis), rectum or throat as well.
  • Newborn babies can acquire chlamydia from an infected mother during childbirth and while it may not be common, one can get the infection in the eye through oral or genital contact with the eyes.
  • Those at the highest risk of infection are sexually active young adults especially women under the age of 25, women with multiple partners and gay men.
  • According to healthline.com, infection rates are highest among younger women partly because their immature cervical cells are more vulnerable to infection.
  • One of the most common myths about chlamydia is that it cannot be cured. Not so. Antibiotics can be used to rid the body of this infection.

With no apparent signs until much later in its development, the following symptoms may become noticeable weeks after infection.

Men experience small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis, painful urination, burning and itching around the opening of the penis and albeit less common, pain and swelling in one or both testicles.

Women on the other hand experience abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor, bleeding between periods, painful periods, abdominal pain with fever, pain when having sex (dyspareunia), itching or burning in or around the vagina and pain when urinating. In some instances, the infection may spread to the fallopian tubes causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The symptoms of PID include fever, severe pelvic pain, nausea and abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods.

When a person is infected in the anus, the main symptoms are discharge, pain and bleeding from that part of the body.

For those who may have contracted chlamydia orally, one may notice a sore throat, cough or fever.

DIAGNOSIS:

Doctors use lab tests to determine whether one is infected or not. They may ask you for a urine sample to check for the presence of the bacteria or a vaginal swab in women, and at times a sample from the urethra in men. If one is suspected to have an infection in the throat, that is swabbed too.

TREATMENT:

Depending on the severity, the doctor will prescribe the recommended dosage of antibiotics which must be followed to the tee and one should refrain from sexual activity to avoid reinfection.

But good news is, the infection should clear up in about a week or so after treatment.

However, women with severe chlamydia may be put on pain medicine and intravenous antibiotics (medicine given through a vein).

Once treatment has commenced it is advisable to be re-tested after three months to be sure the infection is cured.

[…]

Symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of Genital Warts

Symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of Genital Warts

Good news is, the genital warts often go away with time but the bad news is, there is no treatment that can eradicate HPV infection.

Appearing as a kind of lesion that is flesh colored and feels like soft bumps, according to medical practitioners, genital warts are caused by certain strains of Human PapillomaVirus (HPV). Unknown to many sexually active people, HPV remains the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection.

While condom use may decrease the risk of HPV transmission during sexual activity it does not completely prevent HPV infection. Although not as serious as other sexually transmitted diseases, genital warts are especially dangerous for women because some types of the HPV can cause cancer of the cervix and vulva.

Typically found in the areas around the penis, anus, scrotum, vagina or vulva, they are difficult to diagnose as they hardly cause pain and are extremely small.

Causes:

Genital warts and HPV infection are transmitted primarily by sexual intimacy and the risk of infection increases as the number of sexual partner’s increases.

According to studies, there are more than 100 types of HPV that specifically affect the genitals. Of these, more than 40 types can infect the genital tract and anus (anogenital tract) of men and women causing genital lesions known as condylomata acuminata or venereal warts.

A subgroup of the HPVs that infect the anogenital tract can lead to precancerous changes in the uterine cervix and cervical cancer. HPV infection is also associated with the development of other anogenital cancers. The HPV types that cause cervical cancer have also been linked with both anal and penile cancer in men as well as a subgroup of head and neck cancers in both women and men.

The most common HPV types that infect the anogenital tract are HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 (HPV-6, HPV-11, HPV-16, and HPV-18). Although other HPV types can also cause infection. Among these, HPV-6 and HPV-11 are most commonly associated with benign lesions such as genital warts are termed as ‘low-risk’ HPV types. In contrast, HPV-16 and HPV-18 are the types found most commonly in cervical and anogenital cancers as well as severe dysplasia of the cervix. These belong to the so-called ‘high-risk’ group of HPVs. Other HPV types infect the skin and cause common warts elsewhere on the body. Some types of HPVs such as HPV 5 and 8, frequently cause skin cancers in people who have a condition known as epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV).

Symptoms:

These fleshy bumps that have a corrugated cauliflower like appearance in many cases do not cause any symptoms and sometimes go unnoticed due to their varying size.

They are associated with itching, burning, vaginal discharge, bleeding or tenderness. If they become enlarged they can be very uncomfortable and even painful.

It is also worth noting that genital warts may also appear on the lips, mouth, tongue or throat of a person who has had oral sexual contact with an infected person.

Treatment:

Good news is, the genital warts often go away with time but the bad news is, there is no treatment that can eradicate HPV infection. To relieve painful symptoms or minimize their size, your doctor can prescribe any of the following over the counter medication. Imiquimod (Aldara), podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA). If visible warts do not go away with time surgery may be the next best option to remove them. This can be done through electrocautery or burning warts with electric currents, cryosurgery or freezing wartslaser treatments, excision or cutting off warts or through an interferon injection.

Prevention:

The sure way to avoid contracting genital warts is through abstinence. Another way although controversial due to the negative side effects and ingredients used in making it, a vaccine by the name Gardasil is available against common HPV types associated with the development of genital warts, cervical and anogenital carcinomas

[…]

This STD is becoming ‘smarter’ and harder to treat

This STD is becoming ‘smarter’ and harder to treat

GENEVA — Gonorrhea is becoming harder and in some cases impossible to treat with antibiotics, the World Health Organization said. “The bacteria that cause gonorrhea are particularly smart. Every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them,” said Teodora Wi, a human reproduction specialist at […]

via This STD is becoming ‘smarter’ and harder to treat — myfox8.com

Be A Superhero: Stop Someone From Spreading STDs

Be A Superhero: Stop Someone From Spreading STDs

The content of this article may come off as comical, but this is not a joke. There are assholes (men and women) who don’t get tested or deliberately spread STDs. Yes, it’s every person’s responsibility to ask for a condom or have no sex at all. But what to do when someone swears up and […]

via Be A Superhero: Stop Someone From Spreading STDs — Lyfe Sux Blog

STD: It Could Happen To You

STD: It Could Happen To You

STD: It Could Happen To You Take an appearance at the songs video clips of prominent musicians with intriguing pointers of sex, as well as movies proclaimed to be creatively created and also guided. There is actually absolutely nothing incorrect with sex if it’s done securely and also properly. The threats of getting Sexually Transmitted […]

via STD: It Could Happen To You — osteomedlyon

Sexual Health Information 101: STDs

Sexual Health Information 101: STDs

Working out harmful sex additionally locations you at danger of calling sexually sent out problems in addition to infections. Considering that prophylactics are the had a look at together with particularly preferred contraception technique that secure versus STIs along with venereal diseases, a substantial amount of sex-related wellness and also health and wellness and also […]

via Sexual Health Information 101: STDs — osteomedlyon