Tag: gonorrhea

Drug Resistant Gonorrhea! What you need to know

Drug Resistant Gonorrhea! What you need to know

Is Gonorrhoea common

 

According to WHO, more than one million people around the world acquire STIs daily. There are several sexually transmitted infections (STDs) that affect both men and women. Gonorrhea is one such example of STI.

What causes gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrheae bacteria.  This bacteria attacks and lives in the mucous membranes in our bodies. These are the moist soft tissues that are not covered by the outer layer of dead skin cells. When infected, the disease causing bacteria is thus found in the uterus, cervix, vagina, Fallopian tubes, rectum, and urethra. It is also found in the lining of the eyelids, the mouth and the throat.

How gonorrhea is transmitted

Gonorrhea is transmitted through sex, be it anal, oral or vaginal sex with an infected person. The transmission is spread through sexual fluids like semen and vaginal fluids and it is prudent to note that it is not necessarily dependent on ejaculation. Other than the genitals, anus and urethra, the disease can infect the eyes, mouth and the throat.

When engaging in oral sex, one is exposed to contracting gonorrhea if the partner is infested with the bacteria. This applies either way: giving oral sex to an infected partner, you get infected through their genitalia; receiving oral sex, infected mouth and throat will also lead to a gonorrhea infection. If expectant, you should also seek treatment if infected as you can pass it to your baby during birth. The disease is transmitted during birth is common for the baby to have eye and blood infections and it begins 2 to 4 days after birth. This normally results in the redness of the babies eyes, swelling of the eyes, and pus in the eyes.

Where I cannot get gonorrhea

Fluids are not required to transmit the bacteria causing gonorrhea, therefore, it is not possible to get the STI through casual contact like holding hands, hugging, sharing food and sitting on a toilet.

What increases my likelihood of getting gonorrhea

Engaging with several sex partners will make you exposed to infected partners. Having sex without using protection is a way that exposes you to the disease. You should use condoms when having sex as that protects you from STIs and also HIV/AIDS. Youths below 24 years are also highly exposed to gonorrhea as they have a tendency of having unprotected more times compared to other age groups. This group of individuals are also less likely to go for testing. The way you are likely to get this disease is if you have a previous diagnosis of a STI as this increases the susceptibility of your body to contracting another STI and HIV/AIDS.

What are the signs that am having gonorrhea

There are differences in how gonorrhea manifests in men and in women though there are some common symptoms for both sexes. A burning sensation when urinating can be a sign of an infection. Abnormal discharges in the vagina and penis is the other common sign of an infection in either sex though this is common with other STIs and is recommendable that you get tested.

In women, painful periods, pain during sex, fever, bleeding between periods and abdominal pain are also signs of a gonorrhea infection.

How do I treat gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is treated the same be it an infection in the mouth, throat eyes or the genitals. The most common treatment is a regimen of antibiotics, mostly oral. The most recommended antibiotics are cefixime, doxycycline and ceftriaxone.

The infection should clear after a week or two.

Gonorrhea is curable by taking appropriate medication as directed. Nonetheless, repeat infections of the STI are common.

It is recommended that you and your partner restrain from sex until the treatment is over and you should wait for at least one week after completing the medication before having sex with your partner again.

What complications am I likely to have if I don’t treat gonorrhea

Gonorrhea sometimes has no symptoms. Stigma and lack of access to medication are all reasons why you might not go for medication. Untreated this disease creates serious health problems. In women, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which can result in permanent damage to your reproductive system, ectopic pregnancy, premature births or infertility.

Being infected with

Engaging with several sex partners will make you exposed to infected partners. Having sex without using protection is a way that exposes you to Gonorrhea. You should use condoms when having sex as that protects you from STIs and also HIV/AIDS. Youths below 24 years are also highly exposed to gonorrhea as they have a tendency of having unprotected more times compared to other age groups. This group of individuals are also less likely to go for testing. The way you are likely to get gonorrhea is if you have a previous diagnosis of a STI as this increases the susceptibility of your body to contracting another STI and HIV/AIDS.

Engaging with several sex partners will make you exposed to infected partners. Having sex without using protection is a way that exposes you to Gonorrhea. You should use condoms when having sex as that protects you from STIs and also HIV/AIDS. Youths below 24 years are also highly exposed to gonorrhea as they have a tendency of having unprotected more times compared to other age groups. This group of individuals are also less likely to go for testing. The way you are likely to get this disease is if you have a previous diagnosis of a STI as this increases the susceptibility of your body to contracting another STI and HIV/AIDS.

What complications am I likely to have if I don’t get treated?

before does not make one safe even if it was treated as they can still contract the STI.

Why has gonorrhea become resistant to antibiotics

You should finish your prescription of antibiotics as failure to finish the dose allows the bacteria causing gonorrhea to mutate and be resistant to antibiotics. The rapid changing of the Neisseria gonorrheae has creates a worldwide public health issue. The WHO has thus come up with a program that surveys and informs on the treatment guidelines for antibiotic resistant gonorrhea .